What are the Types of Cybersecurity Threats?

Cyber crimes and threats are an ever-present concern in today’s digital world. With the increasing reliance on technology in our daily lives, it’s important to be aware of the various types of online dangers that exist and how best toto protect yourself.

Specific Types of Threats

One of the most common cybersecurity threats is phishing, the use of fraudulent emails, text messages, or websites to trick individuals into providing important information such as login credentials or financial information. These attacks often impersonate a legitimate organisation or individual in order to gain the trust of the victim. To protect yourself from phishing attacks, it’s important to be cautious when clicking on links which you do not recognise or providing personal information online.

Another common cyber threat is malware, which is a malicious software that is designed to harm a device or network. It can take many forms, viruses, Trojan horses (a virus that looks legitimate but is designed to cause harm) and ransomware. Malware can be spread through infected websites, email attachments, or removable media. To protect yourself it’s important to keep your software up-to-date, avoid clicking on links from strangers or unknown companies and use anti-virus software.

A third cyber threat is the use of botnets, which are groups of compromised devices controlled by cybercriminals without the knowledge of the devices’ owners. The collection of devices can be used to conduct Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, which can overwhelm a website or network with traffic and make it inaccessible. Tips to protect your device from being compromised and becoming victim to a DDoS attack, are to to keep all your software up-to-date and avoid clicking on suspicious links or visiting suspicious websites.

There are also more advanced cyber threats like Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) which are targeted and prolonged cyber attacks that gain unauthorised access to a computer network. These attacks are designed to steal sensitive information, disrupt operations or gain access to critical infrastructure.

A computer screen with negative cyber crime images being shown

It is important to stay informed about the latest threats, taking steps to secure your devices and online accounts. This includes being up-to-date on all apps and software, using strong passwords, and being cautious when clicking on links or providing personal information online. Try not to use the same password for every website and do not base a password around your name or other personal information that a hacker could find.

In terms of responsibility in the work place businesses should invest in cybersecurity solutions such as firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems. It should be advised to put employees through education and training surrounding cyber security, especially when a job involves handling vast quantities of data. In conclusion, cybersecurity threats are an unfortunate reality in today’s digital world, however by staying informed and taking steps to protect yourself it will reduce your chances of being victim to a cyber attack.